About Ludwig Mies van der Rohe :
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, original name Maria Ludwig Michael Mies, (born March 27, 1886, Aachen, Germany—died August 17, 1969, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), German-born American architect whose rectilinear forms, crafted in elegant simplicity, epitomized the International Style of architecture.
Along with Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius, Mies helped pioneer the crystallization of the International Style as the core movement of modern architecture during the early 1920s. Unlike Le Corbusier and other early champions of the International Style who moved away from it, in part due to critiques of modern architecture in the 1960s, he remained completely devoted to the movement over the last four decades of his career. Mies first called his designs for steel-and-glass skyscrapers and horizontally-oriented houses and pavilions "skin-and-bones" architecture due to their minimal uses of industrial materials, the definition of space, along with the rigidity of structure, and their transparency. His architecture promotes the dissolution between interior and exterior and the negation of feeling completely enclosed. Instead, they encourage maximum flexibility in their spatial configurations, which for Mies meant that they maximized their spatial utility.
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